Summary On February 28, 2023, Bunshindo Publishing Corporation published a book co-authored by Professor Yumiko Nakanishi of the Graduate School of Law, Hitotsubashi University, titled The European Green Deal and the Recovery of the EU Economy. The European Green Deal has gained attention within the EU as a sustainable governance initiative, and the book provides an overview of the initiative and its underlying structure. In Chapter 2, titled "Legal Foundations of the European Green Deal," Professor Nakanishi examines the European Green Deal through the lens of European Climate Law. Professor Nakanishi evaluates European Climate Law positively, stating that it was "adopted in the form of the most rigorous and unified rules." Further, she explains that three measures are necessary for its implementation: (1) binding target setting, (2) phased target setting with specific deadlines, and (3) stipulation of efforts to achieve the goals through progress assessment. Lastly, she points out the need for fundamental change in the current situation since it does not recognize natural rights.