Summary On May 31, 2023, Springer published a book by Professor Hitomi Takemura, Professor at the Graduate School of Law. The book, titled The Rohingya Crisis and the International Criminal Court, analyzes the International Criminal Court (ICC) and its relationship with the Rohingya crisis. The book highlights the contemporary challenges faced by the ICC, focusing on its connection to the Rohingya issue. The complex relationship between the Rohingya crisis and the ICC involves various challenges, including the relationship between non-State Parties and high-ranking government officials. Professor Takemura addresses this relationship through a literature review, providing up-to-date information. She also develops her argument by explaining the history of the Rohingya crisis. Moreover, she examines the Gambia v. Myanmar case at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) and its connection to the ICC progress. Lastly, she provides a final assessment of the ICC's legitimacy, effectiveness, and efficiency.